What Is Gum Disease?

You've likely heard of gum disease before - but do you know what it is? Technically speaking, gum disease is an inflammation of the gums and abnormal loss of bone that holds your teeth in place. Typically, this disease is caused by bacteria, called plaque, that nests right at the gum line. Plaque is usually caused by insufficient oral hygiene and contains a mixture of food, saliva, and even dangerous bacteria. 

Gingivitis and periodontal disease are the two types of gum disease that cause most dentists concern. Usually, periodontal disease is the more severe of the two, arising after a bout of untreated gingivitis.

Pediatric dentists work hard to eradicate signs of gum disease and educate patients early on in a child's life. They work so hard to emphasize good oral hygiene habits because gum disease is the number one cause for tooth loss in the adult years. When symptoms are treated in childhood, children are more likely to keep luminous, complete smiles into adulthood!

Are you concerned that your child may have gum disease? Kids Dental Center is here for you! Our Chandler, AZ dental office uses the latest technologies to help comfortably and effectively treat gum disease.

What Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease known for causing swelling, redness, and irritation of the gums. This condition is typically caused by oral hygiene and can sometimes be cured with consistent brushing, flossing, and trips to the dentist's office when diagnosed early enough. Depending on the severity of your child's condition, their dentist may prescribe an oral rinse to help treat the diseased gum line and restore it back to health.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as periodontitis, is the most serious form of gum disease and is much harder to treat than gingivitis. This serious gum infection can cause permanent damage to the gums and can even compromise the health of the jaw bone. When left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and, in some cases, heart and lung disease.

Periodontitis treatment typically consists of more frequent and rigorous dental cleanings in which the dentist will clean the pockets around the teeth as well as the surrounding bone.

Signs & Symptoms Of Gum Disease

Some gum disease patients experience symptoms while others do not. Even so, if your child is experiencing any of the following symptoms, they should attend a dental checkup right away:

  • Persistent bad breath
  • Loosening adult teeth
  • Puss or abscess
  • Sensitivity to only hot or cold
  • Bleeding gums while brushing and flossing
  • Swollen, red, or sensitive gums

If you suspect your child may be suffering from gum disease, call Kids Dental Center of Chandler, AZ today to schedule an exam. Se habla español!

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